Currently, the presence of new energy vehicles is increasingly in demand and is an option for people who want a future vehicle that is sophisticated, safe and of course also environmentally friendly.
Moreover, the impact of rising oil prices is also one of the factors of the increasing public interest in electric cars where various car manufacturers are now competing in presenting new energy vehicle innovations.
For those of you who are considering buying a new energy vehicle, it’s good to know in advance that there are different types of new energy vehicles.
Classified into four types, new energy vehicles have different working principles which can be selected according to individual needs ranging from those that have a working principle that relies entirely on electricity to those that only utilize part of the electrification power.
The four types of new energy vehicles include Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV). Here see a more detailed explanation;
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
This type of Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) or battery electric vehicle is a car that uses electricity completely as a driving source, this type does not have a combustion system or traction motor.
Electric cars with BEV technology have the privilege of being able to store power when braking or slowing down by using electrical components that function as generators that will generate power and store electricity in the battery.
The propulsion power is stored in a battery that can be recharged by connecting it to an external power line. When compared to electric cars with HEV or PHEV technology, electric cars with BEV technology are claimed to be more efficient and economical.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
The type of Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) or hybrid-electric vehicle is a car that is commonly known as a hybrid car. This type of HEV is included in electric cars that rely on partial or partial electric power.
The car with HEV technology combines two drive systems that are sourced from batteries and fuel oil. In HEV, the battery cannot be recharged externally, because HEV does not have a charging port. However, the battery can be charged when the vehicle is braking because similar to the BEV type, the electric motor functions as a generator that stores electrical energy into the battery.
Hybrid cars can consume twice as much fuel as conventional cars.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
The Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) type is also included in vehicles that partially rely on electricity other than fuel. PHEV technology cars operate using electricity and fuel simultaneously.
PHEV car batteries can be recharged externally or take advantage of kinetic movement when braking. Thanks to the combination of electric power and fuel, PHEV cars are believed to have a good level of fuel economy.
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)
Type of Fuel-Cell Vehicle (FCEV) or zero emission fuel cell vehicle that relies on Fuel-Cell to generate electricity. The working principle of FCEV is not much different from the BEV type.
However FCEV has a system to convert chemical energy from Fuel-Cell. So this type of car produces its own electricity to run the vehicle.